« SP Hybridization for C, N, O | トップページ

Examples of SP hybridization

 

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混成軌道

Structures with no SP hybridization

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/chemistry1.png

NH3, N2, N2H2, N2H4, OH2, O2, O2H2

 

NH3

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20211126022202.png

 

N2

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20211126020202.png

 

N2H2

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20211129130901.png

 

N2H4

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20220806005002.png

 

OH2

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220801171601.png

 

O2

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20211125020901.png

 

O2H2

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20211126123301.png

 

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Structures with SP1 hybridization

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/chemistry101.png

NH3, N2, N2H2, N2H4, OH2, O2, O2H2

 

Nitrogen with SP1 hybridization

NH3 (unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20220801160001.png

Dinitrogen (N2, N≡N, most likely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20211126020201.png

N2H2 (unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20220806005001.png

N2H4 (unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20220806005003.png

Oxygen with SP1 hybridization

OH2 (less likey structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220801155501.png

O2 (unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220802230801.png

O2H2

(possible structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220806143701.png

 

(unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220802232901.png

 

Carbon with SP1 hybridization

Acetylene  (C2H2, HC≡CH)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/carbon3.png

 

 

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Structures with SP2 hybridization

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/chemistry102.png

 

NH3, N2, N2H2, N2H4, OH2, O2, O2H2

 

Nitrogen with SP2 hybridization

NH3 (most likely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20220801154401.png

N2

impossible with sp2 hybridization of N

 

 

Diazene (N2H2, HN=NH) = Diimide, most likely structure

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20211126142601.png

N2H4

(possible structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20220807055801.png

(unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20220806005101.png

 

 

Oxygen with SP2 hybridization

OH2 (unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220801154401.png

Dioxygen (O2, O=O), most likely structure

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20211126021001.png

O2H2

(possible structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220807061401.png

(unlikely structure)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20220803001701.png

 

Carbon with SP2 hybridization

Ethylene  (C2H4, HHC=CHH) = Ethene

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/carbon4.png

 

 

 

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Structures with SP3 hybridization

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/chemistry103.png

NH3, N2, N2H2, N2H4, OH2, O2, O2H2

 

Nitrogen with SP3 hybridization

Ammonia (NH3), less likely structure

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20211126022201.png

N2

impossible with sp3 hybridization of N

 

 

N2H2

impossible with sp3 hybridization of N

 

 

Hydrazine (N2H4, HHN-NHH), most likely structure

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/nitrogen_20211126143601.png

 

 

Oxygen with SP3 hybridization

Water (OH2), most likely structure

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20211126024202.png

O2

impossible with sp3 hybridization of O

 

 

Hydrogen peroxide (O2H2, HO-OH), most likely structure

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/oxygen_20211126135301.png

 

Carbon with SP3 hybridization

Methane (CH4, CHHHH)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/carbon1.png

Ethane (C2H6, HHHC-CHHH)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/carbon2.png

 

 

 

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Structures with multiple SP hybridizations

 

Carbondioxide (CO2, O=C=O)

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/co2_2_20211129130101.png

or

https://remedics.air-nifty.com/photos/uncategorized/co2.png

 

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